Twelve

in esteem •  7 months ago

Fùcí shì yǔyán de zhòngyào zǔchéng bùfèn, yīnwèi tāmen biǎodále dòngzuò (dòngcí) de wánchéng fāngshì. Dāng wǒmen xiǎng miáoshù dòngzuò de wánchéng pínlǜ shí, wǒmen xūyào shǐyòng pínlǜ fùcí. Dànshì tāmen yòu shì rúhé bùtóng yǐjí zài nǎlǐ yìng gāi shūchū tāmen zài pànjué zhōng? Dú yīxià zhǎo chūlái.

Shénme shì pínlǜ fùcí?

Pínlǜ fùcí miáoshù dòngzuò fāshēng de pínlǜ. Wǒmen zài yīngyǔ zhòng shǐyòng de pínlǜ yǒu liù gè zhǔyào fùcí: Zǒng shì, tōngcháng (huò tōngcháng), jīngcháng, yǒushí, hěn shǎo, shènzhì méiyǒu. Tāmen de pínlǜ shuǐpíng bùtóng, jiàn xiàwén.

Wǒmen yě kěyǐ yòng'hěn shǎo'zuòwéi'hěn shǎo'de tìdài, dàn zài xiàndài yīngyǔ zhòng bìng bù chángjiàn.

Pínlǜ fùcí de wèizhì

zhèngrú nǐ zài shàngmiàn de biǎogé zhòng kàn dào de, pínlǜ fùcí zuì chángjiàn de wèizhì shì zài zhǔyǔ hé dòngcí zhī jiān. Xiàmiàn shì qítā yīxiē lìzi:

Sà lā zǒng shì zài xīngqíliù wǎnshàng chūqù.

Tā de nán péngyǒu tōngcháng huì bǎ tā bào qǐlái, ránhòu kāichē jìnrù shì zhōngxīn.

Tāmen jīngcháng huìjiàn péngyǒu bìng yīqǐ hējiǔ.

Zài dōngtiān, tāmen yǒushí huì qù diànyǐngyuàn.

Tāmen hěn shǎo zài xiàtiān qù, yīnwèi tāmen xǐhuān dāi zài wàimiàn.

Tāmen cóng wèi zài wǔyè qián huí jiā.

Zhège guīzé de lìwài shì dòngcí'be be'. Dāng dòngcí'to be'shǐyòng dòngcí shí, pínlǜ fùcí chūxiànzài dòngcí hòumiàn. Lìrú:

Zhōu liù wǎnshàng shì zhōngxīn zǒng yǒu hěnduō rén.

Tōngcháng hěn nán zhǎodào tíngchē dì dìfāng.

Dànshì wǒmen de péngyǒu cónglái dōu méiyǒu zhǔnshí, yīncǐ rúguǒ wǒmen chídào, zhè bìng bù chóng yào.

Zài yīngyǔ zhòng jīngcháng chūxiàn zhè zhǒng qíngkuàng, zhè zhǒng guīzé yěyǒu suǒ bùtóng. Lìrú, kěyǐ zài jùzi de kāitóu bùfèn jiāng “yǒushí” hé “tōngcháng” zhì yú fùcí:

Yǒushí tā huì hé péngyǒu yīqǐ zuò zuo yè.

Tōngcháng tāmen zìjǐ xuéxí.

Dànshì, ànzhào jiāng zhǔyǔ hé dòngcí zhī jiān de suǒyǒu fùcí pínlǜ fàng zài yīqǐ de guīzé huì gèng róngyì. Zhǐyào jì zhù dòngcí'be'shì bùtóng de, bìng zài fùcí zhīhòu fàngzhì fùcí.

Wèntí biǎogé

wèile tíchū guānyú pínlǜ de wèntí, wǒmen tōngcháng shǐyòng “pínlǜ...?”, Lìrú:

Nǐ duōjiǔ kàn yīcì diànyǐng?

Tā duōjiǔ dǎ yīcì wǎngqiú?

Huǒchē duōjiǔ dǐdá yīcì?

Dàn yě kěyǐ jiǎndān de yòng pínlǜ fùcí tíwèn. Lìrú:

Nǐ jīngcháng lái zhèlǐ ma?
image
Tā zǒng shì zhème nǔlì ma?

Tāmen shìfǒu ànshí fùkuǎn?(“Yǒngyuǎn” ér bùshì'cóng bù'tíchū wèntí)

pín dù fùcí yǔ qíngtài dòngcí hé fǔzhù dòngcí

rúguǒ zài jùzi zhōng yǒu yīgè mó tài dòngcí, wǒmen zài tā hòumiàn hé zhǔyào dòngcí qiánmiàn jiā shàng pínlǜ fùcí. Lìrú:

Nǐ bìxū zǒng shì jìnlì ér wéi.

Wǒmen tōngcháng kěyǐ zài huǒchē shàng zhǎodào zuòwèi.

Tāmen bù yìng gāi duì kèhù cūlǔ.

Tóngyàng de guīzé shìyòng yú fǔzhù dòngcí - pínlǜ fùcí wèiyú fǔzhù dòngcí hé zhǔyào dòngcí zhī jiān. Lìrú:

Wǒ cóng wèi qùguò tǔ'ěrqí.

Tā zǒng shì cóng wǒ de zhuōzi shàng ná dōngxī, zhēn de hěn fánrén.

Zhídào zuótiān, nǐ hěn shǎo dàodá gōngzuò gǎngwèi.

Shíjiàn

xiàn zài nǐ yǐjīng kàn dào pínlǜ fùzuòyòng shì rúhé gōngzuò de, tōngguò shǐyòng pínlǜ fùcí huídá zhèxiē wèntí lái shíjiàn tāmen:

Nǐ tōngcháng zài xīngqíliù wǎnshàng zuò shénme?

Nǐ duōjiǔ kàn yīcì nǐ zuì hǎo de péngyǒu?

Nǐ yǒu méiyǒu qù jùyuàn?

Nǐ duōjiǔ dǎ yīcì yùndòng huò qù jiànshēnfáng?

Nǐ yǒu méiyǒu yòng yīngyǔ guānkàn diànyǐng huò diànshì jiémù?

Nǐ tōngcháng shénme shíhòu shuìjiào?

Nǐ duōjiǔ zài yījiā cānguǎn chīfàn?

Nǐ shìfǒu yǒushí chídào gōngzuò huò shàngxué?

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